Research shows that midwives are the safest birth attendants for most women, with lower infant and maternal mortality rates and fewer invasive interventions such as episiotomies and surgical births (cesareans). In developed countries where midwives are the primary care providers for pregnant women, mortality and surgical birth rates are much lower than in the United States. CNM identifies a Certified Nurse Midwife, and CPM identifies a Certified Professional Midwife.
The Midwifery Model of Care
- Monitoring the physical, psychological, and social well-being of the mother throughout the childbearing cycle.
- Providing the mother with individualized education, counseling, and prenatal care, continuous hands-on assistance during labor and delivery and postpartum support.
- Minimizing technological interventions.
- Identifying and referring women who require obstetrical attention.